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Fort St. Pierre Tercentennial

French Names Associated with FSP                

M. de la Boulaye (Lt.) prior to December 1721, commanded 15 soldiers at a simple square palisaded fort without gun ports (the first Fort St. Pierre)

Captain Bizard (AKA Colonel Bigard) was sent from Biloxi to Command a company of soldiers and a company of laborers at Fort Saint Pierre.  By the time that Lt.DUMONT arrives (Dec 1721) half the soldiers and laborers, including Bizard were dead from bad air or water (Dumont p.154).

Le sieur DUMONT de Montigny( second Lt.) Ordered to and arrives at Yazoo Fort and settlement December 1721 where he designed  a more formidable fort following the famous French military architect M. de Vauban.  He departed Yazoo in December of 1724 but is listed in the 1723 census at the Le Blanc concession at Natchez. 

Therisse du Ternan   Officer of the garrison of the Yazous mentioned in correspondence dating 25 April 1725. Menier,  Louisiana Letters 1678-1803, p.140

Sieur  De Grave (De Graves?)   Commandant at Fort Saint Pierre up to December 1723 when he is ordered to New Orleans  where he is cashiered on the basis of formal complaints from his seventy soldiers.  He was sent home to France in disgrace.  While commandant at Fort Saint Pierre he ordered Lt. DUMONT to design and build housing for laborers one musket shot from the Fort. He also ordered a water reservoir system, a large spacious garden and a walled fort with four bastions.  Each of the four sides was 185(?) feet long.  A foundation was dug. Palings, each 12 feet in length, were placed in the foundation with their tops sharpened. Three and one half feet of each paling was sunk in the ground.  In each of the four bastions two gun ports were set up for cannons on their carriages. Once the twelve foot pilings were in place, Lt. Dumont  directed that beams of Cyprus five inches wide be nailed to the inside of the palisade. Long nails were driven from outside to secure these horizontal support beams on the inside of the palisade. On the inside of the fort there was a parapet four feet wide and two and a half feet high so that soldiers could fire over the top of the palisade.  Dumont describes building a guard house next to the main gate, barracks, officerís quarters, a residence for the commandant, four large warehouses and a house for the warehouse keeper.  DUMONT further describes two gates to the fort, a moat, a drawbridge and workshops for carpenters, blacksmiths and locksmiths.

 Sieur Baldic   Surgeon at Fort Saint Pierre  while Lt. DUMONT  was stationed there.

Sieur de Lí Estivant de la Perriere, chevalier of Saint Lazarre   Supply officer for the concession at Fort Saint Pierre at the time Lt. DUMONT served there

M. Petit de Livilliers  Replaced  Sr. de Graves  as Commandant of Fort Saint Pierre after December 1723

M. le Bares (concession owner)

Le sieur Le Blanc Official of the Louisiana colony appointed concessionaire in 1722 at Biloxi. Gives up his unsuccessful Yazoo concession  and consolidates his concession at Natchez.  He survived the Natchez massacre and is listed as a property owner in New Orleans in 1731.

Engineer de la Tour   Lieutenant General died October 1723

de Bernaval  ( commanded a company at Natchez  1723 before commanding a company at FTSP)

Etienne Pinnalain and wife (habitants of the place called Yazoo 1726)

Peze dit Le Bloun and wife (habitants of the place called Yazoo 1726)

Le Couvreur (5 masters at a place called Yazoo)

Sgt. Henry Ritter and family (wife and teenage son).  Ritter had ill advisedly built a house three musket shots from Fort Saint Pierre.  At 2 AM Chickasaw warriors attacked the Ritter family and another Sgt. neighbor and his family.  According to Lt. DUMONT Sgt. Ritter and his wife bravely tried to defend themselves while their teenage son attempted to get to the fort for help.  Sgt. Ritter was badly wounded and scalped; his wife was killed but not before she wounded one Indian stabbed to death another with a knife hidden in her sleeve. . The teenage son was badly wounded and mistaken for dead by the Chickasaw and was later rescued by French soldiers from the fort.  The wounds of Sgt. Ritter and his son were severe but DUMONT claims they surprisingly  survived but shortly after the incident Sgt. Ritter developed a high fever and died., 

Sgt. Desnoyes   and his family were also attacked by the same group of Chickasaw who were attempting  to murder the Ritter family. Fortunately this family was saved by their discharging their  loaded weapon and alerting soldiers at the fort.

du Codere,  Commandant at Fort Saint Pierre December 1729, murdered at Natchez.

Soupar of Yazoo, listed among those killed at Natchez 

Bompugnon of Yazoo, listed among those murdered at Natchez

Chevalier  Roches  (second in command 1729), murdered  at Fort Saint Pierre about two weeks after the Natchez massacre.

Mrs. Langliche  (survivor  who captured but later returned to the French by Choctaw intermediaries).